For fear that we overlook, the jute business was the life blood of our economy for a very long while and keeps on being one of the backbones of our provincial economy even today. Around 15 million ranchers are included in developing this money crop and a few million a greater amount of our populace, maybe an equivalent number, are included with its handling, transportation, change, and so forth. In any case, the industry has gone off track because of undue obstruction and biased strategies made by the strategy producers every once in a while furthermore for reasons outside the ability to control of the mechanical administrators. With a specific end goal to comprehend the present situation in the business, one must investigate the foundation of the jute business and the occasions that occurred in the course of the most recent a very long while.
While this a player in the nation was thought to be a hinterland in the 1940s where we delivered just crude jute, all preparing of the fiber was done in the jute factories in present India.
The then Government of Pakistan understood that it is ideal to increase the value of the fiber and fare jute products to win outside trade for the country as opposed to sending out just the fiber. In that capacity, the Government started to advance setting up of jute factories as far back as in 1951 in this a player in the nation.
When Pakistan was experiencing a time of fast industrialisation, the Govt. of India chose to depreciate her cash. The business analysts of that period understood that if Pakistani Rupee was likewise depreciated at the same rate as that of India, the fast industrialisation prepare that the nation was encountering would be impeded.
Along these lines, the Govt. came up, as right on time as in 1959, with a one of a kind technique for remunerating the business for overvaluation of Pakistani Rupee as extra vouchers, a plan precisely created where the buyers paid for the overvaluation of the coin and there was no weight on the national exchequer.
Before the end of 1960s and mid 1970s, around 30 million individuals were at that point included specifically or in a roundabout way in the division. By 1972-73 the business was at that point creating around four hundred and fifty thousand metric huge amounts of jute products acquiring roughly US$ 195 million.
In the year 1971-72, the Govt. of Bangladesh embraced a strategy of nationalization and all things considered, under a Presidential Order, nationalized all significant enterprises including the practical, energetic and monetarily solid jute industry without contemplating, whether the plants were claimed by Bangladeshi nationals or something else.
After a time of about I years of operation under the Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC), acquiring enormous misfortunes and disabling the business, the Government of Bangladesh received a strategy of privatization wherein minimal more than 33% of the misfortune making jute industry, which was initially claimed overwhelmingly by Bangladeshi nationals, were de-nationalized or privatized in the year 1982-83.
At the same time, lamentably, the Government constrained the present proprietors to bear the whole obligation that they had made amid the nationalized period. Give me a chance to emphasize that when the plants were nationalized in 1972 we had given over a reasonable, energetic and a money related sound jute industry to the Government. Disregarding all challenges and despite seemingly insurmountable opposition, the first proprietors approached and assumed control over the plants in the trust of resuscitating the area.
In 1982-83 the business created around five hundred and forty thousand metric huge amounts of Hessian, Sacking, CBC, Carpet and Yarn and earned about US$ 300.00 million. In spite of the fact that the business was separated between open segment and private area, the standards of credit to the business were guided by Bangladesh Bank to the business banks and whatever other offices that were given to the business were additionally given in a reasonable and evenhanded way, regardless of whether the factories were keep running in people in general division or the private part.
The expense of the colossal obligation trouble that the private segment jute industry needed to bear brought about proceeded with misfortunes for the business. Therefore various studies were attempted lastly the World Bank approached with a $250 million Jute Sector Adjustment Credit (JSAC) to bolster the Jute Sector Reform Program (JSRP) in 1992-93. The target of the system was to change the current misfortune making jute industry into a reasonable industry run transcendently in the private part. Keeping in mind the end goal to accomplish this objective the World Bank and the Government of Bangladesh chose to address 1) limit defense, ii) un-manageability of past obligations, iii) between time misfortune money and iv) privatization.
Under the task, the Govt. was obliged to:
I . Close nine Public segment factories
1. Scale down two substantial Public division plants
3. Discount 33% of all past bank advances as on June 30, 1992.
4. Have set up an interval financing system since the Govt. furthermore, the World Bank understood that the business would keep on incurring certain measure of misfortunes amid the coin of the undertaking.
5. Privatize 18 Public area factories
The Jute Sector Reform Program of US$ 250 million was the single biggest World Bank-helped venture in Bangladesh around then. The Govt. of Bangladesh could draw just the primary tranche of US$ 50 million. The legislature was not able draw the equalization US$ 200 million since it didn’t satisfy its commitments in the undertaking. While the venture may have fizzled for a few variables, we feel firmly about the unreasonable treatment, we in the private area got, from the World Bank Project as interval misfortune financing. At the point when the venture was being planned, the World Bank financial analyst educated us that there would be a foreordained misfortune in light of the normal misfortunes of the best five private and best five open plants. He encourage said that general society plants will get 100% of this foreordained misfortune as break misfortune fund yet the private part will get two third of this foreordained misfortune since they are thought to be more proficient. The World Bank computed this normal misfortune figure to be 24% of offers in view of the figures of 1991-92 without mulling over devaluation, tip and so on.
The private part whined to the Inspection Panel of the World Bank that they have been physically and unfavorably influenced by this anticipate and thusly it should be investigated direly. The Inspection Panel considered up the matter important and went by the World Bank, the Government of Bangladesh, BJMC and Bangladesh Jute Mills Association (BJMA) and affirmed that there were outline blemishes in the project and the private segment factories were substantially and antagonistically influenced. Accordingly, the Inspection Panel exhorted the World Bank that the credit ought not be reached out until and unless the venture is returned to and the blemishes in the project are expelled.
It has all the earmarks of being chic to go World Bank bashing for everything that turns out badly in our nation where the World Bank is included. It is maybe high time to investigate the JSRP and the part that our strategy producers brought in concocting a project brimming with defects which in the end made contortions in our crude jute showcase, our work advertise, our budgetary business sector and in addition the universal jute products market.
In 1997 a between clerical board was shaped under the Ministry of Jute to prescribe an ‘Overhauled Jute Sector Reform Program’. Shockingly, the suggestion that was made in 1997 just achieved the Economic Relations Division (ERD) and the World Bank amidst June 2006 after a time of around nine years. I encourage upon our kin to ask who were the approach creators who chose to sit on it for nine long years and for what reason or for whose advantage. We trust the Government and the World Bank would genuinely return to the undertaking, redress the outline blemishes and build up another task in a reasonable way. We feel, given the right backing and formation of a level playing field between open and private division, the industry can be restored to its maximum capacity.
After the interval misfortune financing period for people in general part i.e., BJMC, was over, they were all of a sudden in colossal liquidity emergency. The situation being what it is, the Govt. had orchestrated BJMC to get credits adding up to more than Tk 25 billion (2,500 crores) under various heads, notwithstanding any appropriation that was given to fare of jute merchandise, to keep them above water. At the point when the Govt. realizes that these advances are never going to be reimbursed, for all down to earth purposes these are stipends. Due to these “credits”, the BJMC is bringing about contortions in the crude jute showcase, the monetary business sector, the work market, and additionally the universal jute merchandise market.
We might want to see that each and every jute factory in the nation, independent of proprietorship, ought to be in operation. Nonetheless, we don’t feel that people in general area plants can keep on operating without a lot of assets being made accessible to the BJMC straightforwardly by the Government a seemingly endless amount of time. We accordingly, feel that the Govt. should address the issues of traditional jute industry and step as the route forward to restore the business.
The route forward:
The Government of Bangladesh owes the private area jute processes a measure of Tk. 531.9 million (53.19 crores) under the heads of JSRP/JSAC and sponsorship against the fare of jute yam. The Government of Bangladesh ought to instantly discharge these assets to the private area jute plants which they owe against particular MOF brochures.
Endowment against fare of jute products are yet to be paid to the private area jute industry for a portion of FY 2005-2006, the entire of FY 2006-2007 and the current FY 2007-2008. The Government ought to promptly discharge these assets to empower the private division jute industry to work appropriately. Hereafter, the Government of Bangladesh ought to guarantee that fare appropriation is credited to the records of the trading factories consequently with the presentati